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Tibet Guide

Shannan Song and Dance

Author:tibetbest.net     Last updated:2013/12/4 17:31:34     Onclick:1388

Changmo: This is an old song and dance tradition that has been spread throughout the Tibetan areas and has made inroads into some Mongolian areas. It originated at the Samye Monastery along the north bank of the Yarlung Zangbo River. After the completion of the Samye Monastery in the 8th century, in order to celebrate a victory for Buddhism, Padmasambhava created a dance in which people wear masks and holy clothes. It was first performed at the inauguration ceremony of the Samye Monastery. The dance style soon spread over Yarlung, and then over all parts of Tibet. Later it went to Mongolia and other places.

Choshio: This is a type of square dance. Dancers perform with a long handled drum fastening on their waist and beat the drum with two bend drum sticks. This style became popular in Yarlung and other parts of Tibet in the 17th century. It was performed at the inauguration ceremony of the Samye Monastery and was recorded in the Tibetan script. Legend has it that it was performed at the ceremony when Songtsan Gambo married Princess Wencheng. Over the past 1,000 years, the style has been handed down from generation to generation and has continued to thrive.

Gyibozholgar: It is also a type of ancient dance popularized in the Yarlung area. Dancers wear masks and brandish knives or swords, or sometimes fight barehanded as they re-enact heroes in various battles.

Tibetan Opera: Yarlung is the home of Tibetan opera. Some 500 years ago, the eminent monk Tangdong Gyibo tried to raise funds to build a bridge. He organized young people in Bindain Village of Qoingyai County to perform for money. This performance gave birth to Tibetan Opera. Then through years of development, it has formed four large genres-white face, yellow face, blue face and black face, and has grown into eight large traditional repertoires. Nedong"s Zhaxi Shoba, Qoingyai"s Bindainba and white mask Tibetan operas have occupied an important place in the genre of Tibetan opera because of their time-honored history. They are well known far and near and have become the first perform at the annual Sholdain Festival.

In addition, there are songs and dances related to both work and celebration. There are love songs, songs of Lholang Dorcho for funeral ceremonies and songs for happy scenes, as well as the Yachiang yak dance pleading for a bumper harvest and the dance of Gorshie performed around a bonfire under the moonlight. Shannan"s Gorshie dance is unique and enjoys a great influence around Tibet.

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